What's Ranked Choice Voting?


Ranked choice voting (RCV) makes democracy more fair and functional. It works in a variety of contexts. It is a simple change that can have a big impact.

With ranked choice voting, voters rank candidates in order of preference. Candidates running in RCV elections do best when they attract a strong core of first-choice support while also reaching out for second, third, and later choices. When used as an “instant runoff” to elect a single candidate like a mayor or governor, RCV helps elect a candidate that better reflects the support of most voters. When used as a form of fair representation, voting to fill multiple seats for a city council, state legislature, or even Congress, RCV helps to more fairly represent the full spectrum of voters.


Where It's Used

History of Ranked Choice Voting

Why Jurisdictions Adopt Ranked Choice Voting 

Frequently Asked Questions


Visit the Educational Toolbox:


Lesson 1: Introduction to Ranked Choice Voting